Author Archives: homesforcathy

About homesforcathy

Administered by Hightown HA. Homes for Cathy is a national alliance of housing associations, that have come together to end homelessness.

Remembering our eighth commitment

Homes for Cathy members who are made up of housing associations and homelessness charities, are asked to do more to end homelessness by signing up to our nine aspirational commitments. With commitment number 8, focusing on ending migrant homelessness in the areas housing associations operate.

This is why we are supporting the National Housing Federation’s call to ‘to make sure those with no access to benefits or housing assistance don’t slip through the net.’ We support the NHF in their call to suspend the immigration condition that gives some people No Recourse to Public Funds (NRPF).

We also support the Local Government Association’s (LGA) call for a suspension of the NRPF condition. The NHF has written a joint letter with the Chartered Institute of Housing to the Minister for Rough Sleeping and Housing, Luke Hall MP in which they are asking the government to lift restrictions on access to public funds for a period, ideally at least for a year. This would enable interim help to be given to all those experiencing and at risk of homelessness. They are also asking the government to consider granting access to Universal Credit for those with NRPF.

You can read the full letter here and find out more here.

photography of person walking on road
Photo by Leo Cardelli on Pexels.com

The Bounce Back Project – No Going Back

No Going Back is an innovative pilot programme to break the cycle of reoffending.

Developed in partnership with the Livery Companies (see below) it will be delivered by the charity, Bounce Back who have 10 years’ experience of working with people in prisons and the community by providing training in construction and related skills and supporting them into sustainable employment.  https://www.bouncebackproject.com/

The remit is jobs in construction, the built environment and facilities management and we will be matching candidates to vacancies provided through the Livery Companies based on participants skills and interests.

No Going Back has astrong focus on housing and community integration. 

Alongside a tailored approach to training and intensive case management support, accommodation will be offered to those who do not have a suitable place to live – a unique aspect of this programme.  In addition, the project will support employers to recognise and maximise the economic benefits that come from recruiting this way to fill their vacancies.

The ambition is to demonstrate impact and swiftly scale the approach.

We are looking for housing partners so we can complete the final element of the programme.  The expectation is that, based on Government figures, 1 in 7 are likely to be leaving prison without housing.  With a target of assisting 40 people into employment during the pilot programme, we estimate that we will need no more than 10 units of housing during the coming year.

We currently only work in men’s prisons, mostly in London, including Brixton, Pentonville, Wandsworth and Isis and are about to start working in Coldingley prison in Surrey.  Most of our participants are single men of all age ranges who would require bedsit or one bed accommodation. We are very open to discussing referral pathways and assessment processes which meet the needs of individual housing providers. 

Our Engagement Managers, one of whom is a housing and resettlement specialist will work closely with housing providers to identify suitable participants who need housing and who are able to access the employment market. The expectation is that the participants will have relatively low support needs. They will continue to receive regular support from their Engagement Manager as well as any other agencies identified to meet a participant’s needs.  The Engagement Manager will stay with the participant on this journey and be available to respond to any issues which may arise regarding their housing, mental or physical health etc. This will include liaison with landlords.

 We are looking to work in genuine partnership with housing providers to better understand the housing landscape and how best to meet the needs of our participants. This will be a key aspect of the independent evaluation which is being conducted by Russell Webster, a leading authority on the Criminal Justice Sector and the prisons are hugely enthusiastic for this to go ahead. Everything will be done to prevent people returning to prison. 

Clearly Covidi9 has had significant impact on the way that the programme is going to be delivered – the prisons are still locked down, prisoner engagement is a challenge and the entire employment landscape has changed considerably.  However, both Bounce Back and the Livery Companies are determined that this programme can offer hope and opportunity to prison leavers.  To this end we are launching on 1 July, and will be exploring new and exciting ways to navigate the system to achieve success. 

We are breaking completely new ground and all parties, including the prisons, are ‘learning on the job’ to respond to this unique situation. 

We would be very happy to discuss the programme in more detail and explore how we can work in partnership to make this project a success which can then be scaled and replicated nationally. Our Project Leader is Paulette Howard Jackson who can be contacted on paulette@bouncebackproject.com and our Interim CEO is Frances Mapstone frances@bouncebackproject.com

*Note:  What are the Livery Companies? Livery Companies have a strong tradition of philanthropic giving.  As the original City of London ‘Guilds’ they are now at the heart of the business world in the City of London and include Haberdasher’s and Goldsmiths.  They give charities over £60m p.a. and have for some time provided funding specifically to enable offenders’ rehabilitation.  In the context of No Going Back, the Livery Companies are keen to broaden understanding with a wider audience including prisoners, housing partners, local authorities and the Corporates that will be engaged on the programme.  A number of people have never encountered the Livery and they hope to change this though this programme.

Get involved

Bounce Back Project

Covid-19: Homelessness, Rough Sleeping, the PRS

Submission from ‘Homes for Cathy Group’ to HCLG Select Committee inquiry

How effective has the support provided by MHCLG and other Government departments in addressing the impact of COVID-19 on those in the private rented sector, rough sleepers, and the homeless?

The Homes for Cathy group is made up of over 100 housing associations and housing charities/organisations who are committed to providing housing and support to homeless people and households and have developed nine Homes for Cathy commitments with the homeless charity, Crisis, which underpin our work.

This submission only relates to rough sleepers and homeless people.

The ‘Everyone In’ initiative has been a huge success in getting rough sleepers off the streets and in to temporary housing and the Government and the MHCLG must be congratulated.

Of course, it has required a massive effort from our members, from local government and from many other housing and support organisations to find accommodation and immediate support for the approximately 5,400 rough sleepers that were housed.

We now need to plan for how those 5,400 people will be permanently housed and supported and the key to this is capital funding to provide affordable housing and revenue funding to provide support.

What problems remain a current and immediate concern for these groups?

Clearly, the primary concern is for the long term future for those rough sleepers recently housed in temporary accommodation. We do not know when they will be asked to leave their current accommodation. There is no fixed ‘end date’ for lockdown. But individual hotels where many of the rough sleepers are housed will eventually want the rooms back.

Another concern, however, is the breakdown of many of the placements that were made. The Guardian has reported that 20% of those rehoused in Manchester are homeless once again, and our members are reporting similar figures in other parts of the country. South Yorkshire Housing Association in Sheffield found that many people rehoused have been targeted and “cuckooed” – typically by drug dealers and criminal groups. Providing the accommodation on its own is not sufficient. Many people need very intensive housing support, such as that provided by Housing First and similar schemes, and the consistent support of other public services such as mental health and drug and alcohol services.

Of course, the need to try to maintain ‘social distancing’ while providing support for the people in the temporary accommodation is a major challenge. Some clients are unwilling to fully cooperate putting staff and other clients at risk.

What might be the immediate post-lockdown impacts for these groups, and what action is needed to help with these?

Immediate action is needed to provide Government funding for the long term housing and support for the 5,400 rough sleepers people housed in temporary accommodation. Otherwise we will be back to square one and the Government’s targets on rough sleeping will not be met.

There is unlikely to be time to build new social/affordable homes from scratch so housing associations need capital funds from Government to:

  • Convert unsold shared ownership homes owned by housing associations to social/affordable rent
  • Convert shared ownership homes under construction and about to be handed over to housing associations to social/affordable rent
  • Convert unsold market sale properties owned by housing associations to social/affordable rent
  • Purchase properties on the open market including new, unsold homes from national and local housebuilders

The primary need will be for one bedroom self-contained flats. Ideally the funding will be sufficient for housing associations to charge social rents which will then reduce the housing benefit bill. The Homes for Cathy group is currently working to provide estimated costings for such a programme.

Homes for Cathy members already provide homelessness support services including Housing First.

It is essential that the housing provided to rough sleepers leaving the temporary accommodation comes with appropriate support services. Many of the rough sleepers have high support needs

Crisis estimate the cost of support for the estimated 5400 rough sleepers will be around £63,000,000 for 12 months and the Homes for Cathy group concurs with this estimate. Crisis estimate that 50% of the rough sleepers will require Housing First support, 30% will require Critical Time Intervention support and 20% will require floating support.

An early commitment from the Government to fund the supply of new social homes to house the 5,400 rough sleepers in temporary accommodation will allow housing associations to immediately gear up to convert tenures or purchase homes and be ready when the lock down ends.

COVID-19: Homelessness, Rough Sleeping, the PRS

Submission from ‘Homes for Cathy Group’ to HCLG Select Committee inquiry

How effective has the support provided by MHCLG and other Government departments in addressing the impact of COVID-19 on those in the private rented sector, rough sleepers, and the homeless?

The Homes for Cathy group is made up of over 100 housing associations and housing charities/organisations who are committed to providing housing and support to homeless people and households and have developed nine Homes for Cathy commitments with the homeless charity, Crisis, which underpin our work.

This submission only relates to rough sleepers and homeless people.

The ‘Everyone In’ initiative has been a huge success in getting rough sleepers off the streets and in to temporary housing and the Government and the MHCLG must be congratulated.

Of course, it has required a massive effort from our members, from local government and from many other housing and support organisations to find accommodation and immediate support for the approximately 5,400 rough sleepers that were housed.

We now need to plan for how those 5,400 people will be permanently housed and supported and the key to this is capital funding to provide affordable housing and revenue funding to provide support.

What problems remain a current and immediate concern for these groups?

Clearly, the primary concern is for the long term future for those rough sleepers recently housed in temporary accommodation. We do not know when they will be asked to leave their current accommodation. There is no fixed ‘end date’ for lockdown. But individual hotels where many of the rough sleepers are housed will eventually want the rooms back.

Another concern, however, is the breakdown of many of the placements that were made. The Guardian has reported that 20% of those rehoused in Manchester are homeless once again, and our members are reporting similar figures in other parts of the country. South Yorkshire Housing Association in Sheffield found that many people rehoused have been targeted and “cuckooed” – typically by drug dealers and criminal groups. Providing the accommodation on its own is not sufficient. Many people need very intensive housing support, such as that provided by Housing First and similar schemes, and the consistent support of other public services such as mental health and drug and alcohol services.

Of course, the need to try to maintain ‘social distancing’ while providing support for the people in the temporary accommodation is a major challenge. Some clients are unwilling to fully cooperate putting staff and other clients at risk.

What might be the immediate post-lockdown impacts for these groups, and what action is needed to help with these?

Immediate action is needed to provide Government funding for the long term housing and support for the 5,400 rough sleepers people housed in temporary accommodation. Otherwise we will be back to square one and the Government’s targets on rough sleeping will not be met.

There is unlikely to be time to build new social/affordable homes from scratch so housing associations need capital funds from Government to:

  • Convert unsold shared ownership homes owned by housing associations to social/affordable rent
  • Convert shared ownership homes under construction and about to be handed over to housing associations to social/affordable rent
  • Convert unsold market sale properties owned by housing associations to social/affordable rent
  • Purchase properties on the open market including new, unsold homes from national and local housebuilders

The primary need will be for one bedroom self-contained flats. Ideally the funding will be sufficient for housing associations to charge social rents which will then reduce the housing benefit bill. The Homes for Cathy group is currently working to provide estimated costings for such a programme.

Homes for Cathy members already provide homelessness support services including Housing First.

It is essential that the housing provided to rough sleepers leaving the temporary accommodation comes with appropriate support services. Many of the rough sleepers have high support needs

Crisis estimate the cost of support for the estimated 5400 rough sleepers will be around £63,000,000 for 12 months and the Homes for Cathy group concurs with this estimate. Crisis estimate that 50% of the rough sleepers will require Housing First support, 30% will require Critical Time Intervention support and 20% will require floating support.

An early commitment from the Government to fund the supply of new social homes to house the 5,400 rough sleepers in temporary accommodation will allow housing associations to immediately gear up to convert tenures or purchase homes and be ready when the lock down ends.

Six steps that could help us transform the way we tackle homelessness

First published in Inside Housing, Comment 21/04/2020

BY DR LIGIA TEIXEIRA, CEO of Homeless Impact

There is a danger the response to the COVID-19 pandemic will ultimately amount to little more than rearranging the deckchairs on the Titanic when it comes to homelessness, writes Dr Lígia Teixeira. Here she sets out six suggestions for overhauling the system to deliver lasting change.

On April 14, 1912 —108 years ago last week— the RMS Titanic sank, and 1,500 lives were lost. As with the coronavirus pandemic today, the story was headline news when it happened.

Since the fateful night when the ship hit the iceberg, it has left a remarkable cultural legacy. “Rearranging deck chairs on the Titanic” being probably the most famous metaphor connected to any major disaster, and one that provides a useful thought experiment in relation to homelessness.

Today we sense that the coronavirus pandemic will transform the economy beyond all recognition and hit the poorest in society hardest, potentially pushing greater numbers of people than ever before into homelessness. The outbreak came at a time when governments and cities across the UK had committed to plans to end homelessness. History had already told us this was never going to be easy, but the task is about to get a lot harder.

In a field like homelessness, filled with age old habits and passions, but with a lack of clear, rigorous evidence, what can be done to steer clear of disaster?

In fact, what can be done to turn the crisis into an opportunity to transform the homelessness system and ensure we’re not just “rearranging the deck chairs”?

The story of the Titanic offers several concrete suggestions.

1 Question assumptions and cultivate imagination

The Titanic’s owners and her captain assumed that it could never sink. Their overconfidence led to poor decisions — such as removing an entire row of lifeboats just before she sailed for purely cosmetic reasons.

The ability to question assumptions may well be one of the most important habits to cultivate in homelessness today.

We should be asking ourselves, “Should the aim be to return to business as usual post-crisis, including helping people housed in hotels during the pandemic return to shelter-style accommodation? Or may this be a unique opportunity to try something better?”

Humility, asking the right questions, and using data and evidence to test prevailing assumptions is vital at a time like this.

We also need to be more creative.

For instance, the default way to address homelessness is still by providing emergency housing and services, even though evidence suggests that this is costly and ineffective.

It does not address the root cause of homelessness and people can become institutionalised and exposed to trauma or victimisation in the process.

You’d think we would have found alternatives by now. We haven’t, because we find it hard to believe that the systems we’ve created may be part of the problem or that anything better is even possible. We’ve lacked imagination, but there is nothing inevitable about this — we cannot change the past but we can change the future.

2 Go slow to go fast

The Titanic was travelling too quickly — 22 knots in an ice field. Had she been slower, she may well have missed the iceberg altogether.

In homelessness, we are often fixated on delivering solutions at pace. This is understandable given that lives can be at stake. But knowing when to slow down in order to go faster later may be just as important.

Are we making enough time to collect the data and evidence we need to make the right decisions? Are we stepping back often enough to understand what different subpopulations need? What do they want to accomplish? What are their goals? Are there ways to build the technology to handle their needs more effectively, while reducing evaluation costs?

3 Heed warnings and evidence

Ships nearby attempted to warn the Titanic, but the messages were ignored. Other signs were also missed such was the crew’s confidence that the journey would be a smooth one.

In the UK, a spike in homelessness levels seems likely within months unless major steps are taken.

Things have been moving in the right direction. But with the economy seemingly in free fall, it will be important for government and local areas across the UK to continue to act fast, with clarity, while also taking the long-term view.

We also need to use evidence and data to figure out what works for whom and what doesn’t, allowing us to reject the dangerous half-truths that often pass for wisdom. How else will we know whether we are doing the most good we can with the resources available?

4 Build better systems, as well as better lifeboats

To prevent homelessness at population level, requires complicated, system-wide solutions. We need to acknowledge that even our better services can never be more than lifeboats.

To create a better homelessness system you have to first understand how we came by the current one.

Since Victorian times, a homeless person could call upon the services of the Poor Law’s workhouse casual wards but also charities, such as the Salvation Army, which operated hostels, shelters and soup kitchens, as well as private entrepreneurs running lodging houses.

The modern homelessness system developed from there, more or less by accident.

By combining the intuitive and exploratory nature of person-centred design, with the leverage-minded and strategic nature of systems thinking, and improving the way data and evidence is generated to drive better outcomes, we can begin to shift the system.

Current evidence suggests that most homeless people need temporary low-support with resolving a recent housing loss and other significant life event, or with transitioning out of an institutional living environment.

They do not necessarily need an emergency housing stay. By reallocating resources towards prevention – including interventions that help mainstream services respond more effectively to people at risk – and more normalised housing environments, our approach to addressing homelessness will be more humane and effective.

We also know that to stop the flow of people into homelessness we need to address the larger housing affordability issues, and ensure welfare support and wages are adequate.

5 Communicate, communicate, communicate

Despite having state-of-the-art communication systems, the Titanic failed to effectively communicate with three nearby ships that actually could have rescued all of its passengers.

The government’s daily coronavirus updates have gone a long way towards setting out the official plan and the rationale behind the decisions being made.

Given the likely disproportionate impact on the homeless population it may be beneficial to double down on subject specific communications efforts at both national and local levels. In the absence of information, people will make it up.

Creating plenty of opportunities to let them talk and ask questions will make them feel better and help decision-makers gather and respond to feedback quickly.

6 Foster collective leadership

Lack of co-operation and collaboration resulted in greater loss of life when the Titanic sank.

While there seemed to be a ship relatively close by, the nearest ship responding to Titanic’s SOS distress signal was Carpathia, and she was more than four hours away.

We get so caught up in our daily work that we often forget to build powerful collaborative networks.

Yet collaboration and support across organisations and sectors is one of the best ways to help people experiencing homelessness both now and post crisis.

This will involve shifting focus from reactive responses to having more generative conversations about how we might co-create the future.

Building a new homelessness system is vital to achieve our ambitious goals, but it won’t be easy.

Tackling a tough complicated social issue like homelessness requires a willingness to question assumptions, discover new possibilities, and experiment to find out how to make the most good with existing resources.

But with collective leadership and a humble ‘what works’ mindset we can change course. In fact, the future of this particular ship depends on it.

Veteran homelessness: Asking the right questions is crucial

Veteran issues have been in the spotlight recently, with the launch of the Government’s Veteran Strategy, and the creation of the Office of Veteran Affairs. Homes for Cathy member Riverside is one housing association that is committed to supporting veterans – Homes for Cathy spoke to Lee Buss, Riverside Director of Operations and Group Veterans Lead, to find out about the particular challenges veterans face in obtaining housing and how, as a sector, we can better respond to their needs.

As part of its commitment to veterans facing homelessness, Riverside runs three veteran accommodation services and two resettlement support services.  The Beacon, Hardwick House and Mike Jackson House supported accommodation centres were developed by staff who have served in the Armed Forces themselves – something that the organisation believes is an important factor in running effective services.  In addition, Riverside operates SPACES, a resettlement advice and case work service, which has helped over 18,000 homeless ex-servicemen and women since it was established in 2000.  Another Riverside housing advice service is located with the Military Corrective Training Centre (MCTC) in Colchester. 

Tailored veteran support

According to Lee Buss – a veteran himself – one of the main challenges around supporting veterans is a sense of disconnection from civilian society.  He says:

“The Royal British Legion estimates there are 6,000 homeless veterans in the UK, and while the number of veterans sleeping rough isn’t 100% clear, most estimates place the figure at around 3% to 4% of the rough sleeping population.  As veterans represent around 5% of the overall population, this means that veterans are actually proportionally under-represented in terms of homelessness statistics. 

“Everyone’s journey into and out of homelessness is particular to them. However, specific populations such as veterans tend toward specific needs requiring specific responses. It takes a veteran on average nine years to ask for help – they can find it very difficult to engage with and trust professionals in services who have no military background, often as a result of their experience of transition, making them feel threatened, isolated and insular.  They’re more likely to take up help if it’s being offered by an organisation that they know specifically supports veterans and that they perceive understands them, particularly if it’s in the form of peer support from other veterans.”

He adds: “As in the general population, veteran homelessness is commonly linked to trauma – although ex-servicemen and women are no more pre-disposed to PTSD than anyone else, the experience of battle can make a pre-existing condition resurface.  Providing the right type of support is therefore crucial.”

In terms of housing, Lee is keen to stress veterans should not necessarily be given preference for properties over other vulnerable groups – instead the obstacles and barriers that hinder their pathways out of homelessness and into housing need to be removed.

“It’s not about veterans being given special treatment, it’s about putting measures in place to ensure they’re not disadvantaged as a result of their service.  For example, in terms of choice based lettings or access to supported housing, the local connection criteria can have a real impact for people leaving the Armed Forces, who may been posted abroad or lived in different military bases across the UK.  We are supporting veterans housing association Stoll and the Cobseo Housing Cluster in their campaign for local authorities to sign up to the Armed Forces covenant, whereby they promise to ensure that veterans and armed forces personnel are not disadvantaged as a result of their service.”

Signposting and asking the right questions

Outside of specialist supported housing for veterans, the one area where housing associations can have an influence over veteran homelessness is to develop a better knowledge of the organisations that support veterans, in order to be able to guide tenants to the appropriate, tailored support. 

“There’s a huge amount of support for veterans on offer but you can only signpost them to it if you know what’s out there.  Housing associations can help by compiling a list of local organisations that frontline staff can direct veterans towards,” adds Lee. 

However, the most crucial thing is to have measures in place to identify veterans from the point of engagement, a message that is echoed in Stoll and the Cobseo Housing Cluster’s No Homeless Veterans campaign, which urges housing and homelessness staff to ‘Think Veteran’ and identify people who are ex-Forces.

Lee concludes:

“It’s vital that housing officers know who their veterans are, and have some insight into their unique history and circumstances and the services available to support them – so housing associations need to ensure they ask prospective tenants their veteran status and have systems in place to record it.”

To find out more about Riverside’s veterans services and research and recommendations into tackling veteran homelessness, click here.  To find out more about the network of organisations supporting the Armed Forces community, visit Veterans Gateway.

Does your organisation offer support for veterans?  How can housing providers improve veterans’ pathways into housing?  We’d love to hear from you – get in touch with us at homesfor.cathy@hightownha.org.uk or comment below.

The supported housing scheme offering a lifeline to vulnerable women

A traumatic past and mental health challenges are a common factor for many people at risk of homelessness.  However, women in particular are often at greater threat of living with complex, multiple disadvantages that can lead to them becoming homeless, especially where dependent children are involved. 

Homes for Cathy spoke to North Star Housing Group, one member organisation that is committed to offering a lifeline to vulnerable women to support them away from homelessness.  North Star’s Hestia Service provides accommodation with intensive support to women in Teesside. In the two decades since the service’s inception, it has helped around 120 women gain the opportunity for a more positive future, with a secure, settled home for life, the cornerstone of its philosophy.

North Star’s Pauline Byrnes, Hestia manager, says, “Our USP is that once our service users no longer require support, they can remain in their home. If they want it to be a home for life, that’s exactly what it can be. Once support is no longer required, the property reverts to general needs property. This provides service users with the stability they’ve never had and from there they can start to address the other issues they may be facing.  All we ask is that they fully engage in the support offered at the outset.”

Hestia’s service users are referred from a range of agencies including the local authority’s homeless service, mental health services, social care and probation and all are classed as homeless.  Some have experienced failed private rental tenancies because of their mental health problems, while others have fled domestic violence or forced marriages.  The service has also supported women with mild learning difficulties, as well as women whose children have special needs, many of whom receive no support from their families. 

Properties from general needs stock

New service users are offered a property from North Star’s general needs stock which becomes a supported tenancy (Assured Shorthold).  These are properties dispersed throughout the local area, rather than located in one dedicated block. They are usually terraced houses with a small back yard, typical of Middlesbrough’s traditional town centre housing stock.  The properties are hand-picked to ensure they are located in areas where tenants can feel safe and come equipped with furniture, soft furnishings, white goods and kitchenware, ready for tenants to move into.  Every property offered is newly decorated to a high standard, ensuring a homely and welcoming environment where tenants want to stay.

Pauline comments, “Our service users take an enormous pride in their new home, often adding their own finishing touches such as cushions and pictures to really make it their own.”

Floating support is provided through a dedicated Hestia service coordinator, offering person centred support. This could include support with all aspects of managing a tenancy, budgeting and rent payments and liaison with North Star’s welfare benefits officer to ensure they are claiming any back-dated benefits they are entitled to.  Service users may also be supported to engage with other services, access recreational activities, education, volunteering opportunities and employment and build links in their local community.

Floating support to break homelessness cycle

Pauline adds, “From the point of referral, we work closely with all the involved agencies such as mental health and social care to identify any risks and draw up a risk management plan.  We also link in closely with other local support services in the area such as the CAB and credit unions.”

The approach certainly works, helping women rebuild their lives and gain hope for the future.  Says Pauline, “On average the support we offer is required for around 18 months but it’s enough to break the cycle of homelessness.  It’s wonderful to see our service users’ self-confidence and self-esteem improve to the point that they can move on in their lives and start to live independently.”

AB’s Story

AB was removed from the family home by Cleveland Police due to concerns regarding her safety. AB is of Pakistani descent, her marriage was arranged, and she moved to the North East to live with her husband and his extended family. During eight years of marriage AB was physically, financially and mentally abused. She was barred from using basic facilities such as the family bathroom and was told to bathe from a bucket of water, even after she gave birth to her daughter. She was beaten regularly by all the family with sticks, hands or pulling out AB’s hair and was made to cook and clean from 7am until 12 midnight every day of the week. AB managed to get to a phone one day and phoned 999, Police took immediate action, and AB was placed in a safe house. AB was unable to take her daughter, and it became clear that her signature had been forged on to numerous documents; one example is that AB’s signature was on a document which gave up her parental responsibilities, another was to claim carer’s allowance.  All documents were signed fraudulently by the husband’s family, without AB’s consent. AB did not have basic living skills, she had had hardly any communication with the outside world, lacked confidence and was unable to do the most basic of tasks. With support from Hestia, AB is now going to the shops, paying her bills and will soon be awarded full custody of her daughter who is now living with AB full-time. The final custody hearing is pending.